Prospects for water resources management in Central Asia

ALMATY – 27-28 May, 2014 the regional conference on “Prospects for Water Resources Management in Central Asia: From Basin Approach to Regional Cooperation” takes place. The conference brings together the high-level water management organisations from the five Central Asian countries, as well as the representatives of international organisations involved in the field of water resources management and development of regional cooperation, along with the senior representatives from the European Union and the German Federal Foreign Office participate in the conference...

Sustainable use of water resources in the transboundary Padshaota river basin

Population growth and climate change are factors influencing the decrease in water resources of the transboundary Padshaota River, which runs through Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. As such, there is an urgent need to improve how the river’s water resources are managed. The Padshaota River originates in Kyrgyzstan in the Chatkal Range, flows through Uzbekistan’s Namangan Oblast, and then flows back into Kyrgyzstan. The river is fed by mountain glaciers, has a mean basin elevation of about 2,000 metres above sea level, is about 130 km in length, and has a catchment area of 443 km2. Average annual discharge is estimated at 5.5 m3 per second. Around 130,000 people live in the Uzbekistan part of the river basin...

Rehabilitation of ‘Zumratsho’ headwork in Isfara, Tajikistan

The Isfara River originates in Kyrgyzstan on the northern slopes of the Turkestan Range and flows north into Tajikistan through the Ferghana Valley, towards the Syr Darya River. It measures about 120 km in total.  The catchment area covers Batken Oblast (administrative district) in Kyrgyzstan and Sughd Oblast in Tajikistan, and includes Uzbek territories at the tail-end of the basin. The river, historically a tributary of the Syr Darya, merges at its mouth with the Great Fergana Canal. Currently, the canal’s water is exploited almost entirely for irrigation by the local population before it actually reaches the Syr Darya. Seasonal mudflows that result from the annual snowmelt in spring threaten the local population’s livelihood and the operation of infrastructure.

The Isfara headwork ...

Study tour on the Self-Management of Water and Soil Utilisation of Lower River Basin Units in Germany

Although centralised planning and management of water resources continues to predominate in the five Central Asian States, reform of the current water management system is on-going in most of them. The aim is to complete the transition of major functions to the local level.
A study tour was conducted for Central Asian representatives of national ministries concerned with water and land resources management and for the representatives of local water administrations. The purpose of the tour was the study of methods for the self-administration of water and soil utilisation in Germany. The experience gained will provide the water managers from Central Asia with new ideas for shaping and improving on the reforms taking place in their own countries.
The objective of the study tour was to demonst...

Supporting IWRM in Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan’s water resources are limited due to extremely low precipitation. The Turkmen lowland receives just 100-150 mm annual precipitation and is subject to high evaporation. Even the high mountains in the Kopet Dag and Balkan ranges do not supply permanently running rivers. Thus, only the Murgab and Tedjen rivers formed in the neighbouring countries of Afghanistan and Iran are relevant. However, the main source of water is the Amu Darya River. It supplies water to the northern part of the country and, through the Karakum Canal, the southern part of the country between Mary and Ashgabat.

The permanent water supply led to the formation of a fertile oasis where the population now lives and grows cultures such as wheat, cotton, melons and vegetables...

Economic and financial instruments on basin planning

BATKEN (6 March 2014) – the members of working group on basin planning for the Isfara river basin representing water management, environmental protection, sanitary, epidemiological, economic agencies and representatives of local administration and water users participated in the training on economic and financial instruments in water management sector. The training was aimed at the working group capacity development in field of economic instruments. The training on basin planning is conducted in the framework of “Water Management and Basin Organisations in Central Asia (WMBOCA)” project funded by the European Union and implemented by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Transboundary Water Management in Central Asia Programme...

Final training and public hearing on the Isfara River Basin Plan

KHUJAND ( April 23, 2014 ) –The final fifth training on basin planning for the working group of the Isfara river basin planning development and implementation is held today. The members of the working group represent water management, environmental protection, sanitary, epidemiological, economic agencies, local administration and water users. The training on basin planning is conducted in the framework of “Water Management and Basin Organisations in Central Asia (WMBOCA)” project funded by the European Union and implemented by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Transboundary Water Management in Central Asia Programme. The trainings on basin planning have been held since 2012...

Introducing basin planning approach in Cepekyab, Turkmenistan

Context
The EU project ‘Water Management and Basin Organisations in Central Asia’ (WMBOCA) is being implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH (German Society for International Cooperation). WMBOCA aims to build capacity in regional water cooperation and sustainable water resources management in smaller transboundary river basins.

Moreover, WMBOCA activities focus on the introduction of the basin approach, for which the EU Water Framework Directive is the guiding concept. In Turkmenistan, the focus is on the Murgab River, due to its transboundary nature and the typical structure of water resources, irrigation, agriculture and settlements...

Supporting basin planning and management in Turkmenistan

Context
Across large areas, the surface water and groundwater resour-
ces of Turkmenistan are extremely scarce, due to the country’s predominantly desert climate and average annual precipitation of 100-150 mm. The Amu Darya River is the main source of water in the northern part of the country, while the southern regions near the Kopet Dag Mountains are mainly served by the Karakum Canal, which was constructed in the middle of 20th century.

Other water resources are the Murgab and the Tedjen rivers, which run into Turkmenistan from Afghanistan and Iran, and are mainly supplied by runoff from the northern Hindukush Mountains. Smaller rivers, especially those from the Kopet Dag Mountains, run dry during the summer months. Groundwater reserves are modest and at present are little used...

Training on basin planning

Training on basin planningBATKEN ( 6 March 2014) – the working group of the Isfara River Basin Plan development and implementation with
members representing water management, environmental protection, sanitary, epidemiological, economic agencies and
representatives of local administration and water users met in training on basin planning. Participants discussed the issues
regarding effective use of water resources in selected basin in framework of the fourth training on stages of basin planning. They
also considered the project of the Isfara River Basin Plan. The training on basin planning is conducted in the framework of “Water
Management and Basin Organisations in Central Asia (WMBOCA)” project funded by the European Union and implemented by
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) Gmb...